[PDF] ✪ Itinerarium fratris Willielmi de Rubruquis de ordine fratrum Minorum, Galli, Anno gratia 1253 ad partes Orientales By Willem Van Ruysbroeck – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk

Itinerarium fratris Willielmi de Rubruquis de ordine fratrum Minorum, Galli, Anno gratia 1253 ad partes Orientales William of Rubruck was a Flemish friar who journeyed to the Mongols in 1253 1255 when they were a mysterious enemy for the West, having quickly overrun Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and the Near East On the orders of the king of France, William was initially sent to the Mongol ruler Sartaq Khan, then sojourning in what is now Ukraine, on the basis of the mistaken impression that Sartaq had converted to Christianity Sartaq sent William on to his father Batu Khan a short distance to the east, who in turn sent William on to the Great Khan M ngke all the way over in Mongolia After a few months at M ngke s court, William then headed back by way of what is now Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Turkey.It was a fairly long and impressive journey for a European at the time, and the account that William wrote for the king of France upon his return is a valuable source on Mongol customs of the time and what Europeans thought of them William describes, for example, the Mongols diet, clothing, animal husbandry, standards of beauty, William Of Rubruck Was A Franciscan Friar Who Wrote The First Great Travel Book About Asia In 1253 55 He Made The Journey From The Holy Land To The Court Of The Great Khan M Ngke At Qaraqorum In Mongolia And Back Again William Was Interested In All That He Saw His Account Is Particularly Vivid Because He Related To The Individual People He Met This Is The First Annotated Translation To Be Made From The Definitive Latin Text Published By A Van Den Wyngaert In 1929, And Peter Jackson And David Morgan Are To Be Congratulated On Producing An Exemplary Edition The Historical Introduction Is Comprehensive And Succinct, The Translation Excellent And Idiomatic, While The Notes Clarify The Text And Explain Why Important Variant Readings Have Been Chosen Bernard Hamilton, Times Literary Supplement [Epub] Psiconutrición. Aprende a tener una relación saludable con la comida Por Griselda Herrero Mart n – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk And Peter Jackson And David Morgan Are To Be Congratulated On Producing An Exemplary Edition The Historical Introduction Is Comprehensive And Succinct [KINDLE] ❃ Moonsong (The Vampire Diaries: The Hunters, ❆ L.J. Smith – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk The Translation Excellent And Idiomatic [PDF / Epub] ⚣ La lanza rota (Leyendas de Kalomaar ✈ Alberto Rojas – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk While The Notes Clarify The Text And Explain Why Important Variant Readings Have Been Chosen Bernard Hamilton [PDF] ↠ Im Trying to Love Math Author Bethany Barton – Ralphslaurensoutlet.co.uk Times Literary Supplement This book by Father William of Rubruck in which he describes his diplomatic mission in 1254 on behalf of Louis IX of France to the court of the Mongolian emperor Mongke is a treasure Contrary to his famous contemp Scholarship is impressive, translation is good the content itself is mind numbingly boring Essentially Rubruck spends 250 pages complaining about hard travel days, describing minutiae of Nestorian church services, briefly mentioning that the mission trip was a complete fai XIII , 2009 2014. This account provides a decent window on how the Mongols lived in the mid 13th century There is an astonishing level of similarity to today, as far as everyday life While sometimes rambling and preachy after all, he was a monk , Rubruck does provide a relatively objective view of what he observed. Probably not as exciting as Giovanni da Pian del Carpin s travels to Mongolia a decade earlier, but probably a better account overall The narrative is extensive, detailed and the author is a far skeptical about dog headed people or whatever but he still falls for a kneeless people story M ngke Khan s playing of the religions off of one another is masterful, in keeping with the Mongolian tradition Particularly liked the monk s description of the Nestorians and the Buddhists His trouble with interpreters is funny, though he eventually hooks up with a a European who has been hired as an architect at the Khan s palace, and who built an interesting fountain.My other favourite bits The Nestorians there know nothing They say their offices, and have sacred books in Syrian, but they do not know the language, so they chant like those monks among us who do not know grammar, and they are absolutely depraved In the first place they are usurers and drunkards some even among them who live with the Tartars have several wives like them When they enter church, they wash their lower parts like Saracens they eat meat on Friday, and have their feasts on that day in Saracen fashion The bishop rarely visits these parts, hardly once in fifty years When he does, they have all the male children, even those in the cradle, ordained priests, so nearly all the males among them are priests Th In 1253, the Flemish Franciscan friar William of Rubruck made his way to the courts of the Mongol rulers Batu and M ngke bearing a letter from the French Crusader king Louis IX This book is an annotated a translation from Latin of his subsequent report to the king It is a fascinating and rare glimpse of the life of the Mongols during the heyday of their empire in the aftermath of the conquests of Genghis Khan, and a true masterpiece of European medieval travel literature William is a keen observer who writes throughout with clarity and discernment of the many wonders he encounters on his journey, and we see through his eyes as he makes the enormous journey to the fabled Tent City capital of the Mongols, Karakorum Along his way he frequently rubs shoulders with Muslims, Nestorian Christians, soothsayers, and Chinese and Tibetan priests and monks, and makes what is very probably the first European report of the Tibetan system of reincarnating lamas I was certain going in that this would

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